Many of the
facilities that operated in the earlier years covered by this Directory could
be considered to represent a ‘Traditional Institutional’ style of accommodation
– with dormitories, large dining halls, separated from the local community by a
physical barrier such as a fence or imposing buildings and grounds, sometimes
even with a school on the premises. Such
facilities were commonly known as “Orphanages” in the early years of operation
and as “Congregate Care” by the mid-1970s.
This was the dominant model of care until the 1970’s, persisting in many
instances until the 1980’s – Parkerville Children’s Home being the notable
exception having, from its inception, used a ‘cottage style’ model of care on a
large campus, similar to the campus home model of the 1970’s).